Speciality Dentistry: What Is Oral Pathology?

Juliet D'cruz

Updated on:

Did you know that 2 out of every 5 adults in America have periodontal disease to some degree?

There are many oral pathology diseases out there, some of which can even be fatal. This is why it’s so important to stay on top of your oral health by seeing a specialty dentist.

Are you wondering what you need to know? Keep reading to learn all about oral pathology.

  1. The Meaning of Oral Pathology

If you’ve never read an oral pathology definition, then it’s enough to know that it deals with all the diseases you can have in your mouth. To be more specific, the disease could affect the teeth, gums, tongue, and even the bones and joints.

To specialize in treating diseases associated with oral pathology, a dentist must have around 4 years of schooling. While there is plenty of diseases you can contract, specialty dentists usually deal with 4 main ones.

  1. Black Hairy Tongue

Any oral pathology guide will tell you that this disease can cause halitosis and could even change the way things taste.

This is because black hairy tongue causes your papillae to lengthen after dead skin cells accumulate on the surface.

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  1. Herpes

Are you still asking yourself, “What is oral pathology?”

A specialty dentist can also end up treating people who suffer from herpes simplex virus type 1. In fact, this is one of the most common diseases because it’s so contagious.

This disease can cause blisters or sores around your lips or on the lips themselves. They can even appear within your mouth. While there’s no cure for this disease, a dentist can help treat the symptoms if they get out of hand.

  1. Thrush

When it comes to other types of oral pathology, specialty dentists also treat thrush. Otherwise known as candidiasis, thrush is a fungus that has a likelier chance of infecting your mouth if you have diabetes. If left untreated for too long, it’ll cause red and white bumps that spread throughout your mouth.

You’re also at a higher risk of thrush if you have a weak immune system.

  1. Cleft Palate

A cleft palate is a birth defect. It happens when the skull bones or lip tissues don’t fully close during development.

This can affect more than your aesthetic appearance. Depending on the severity of it, it can also affect your speech, the way you eat, and even your ability to hear.

You’ll be glad to know that cleft palates can be corrected using surgical methods.

Are You Ready to Treat Your Oral Pathology?

Now that you’ve learned all about oral pathology, you can see a specialty dentist who can help with whatever oral diseases you may have. Oral health is connected to your overall health, so it’s crucial to get everything checked and treated as soon as possible.

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