The Montessori method was devised by Maria Montessori, an Italian educator from the early 20th century. This method is based on the activity directed by the child, so all the proposals related to this pedagogy are very practical. Discover a few ideas to do at home with your little ones. Apart from this, take help from https://essay.org/ for essay writing.
Basic principles of Montessori pedagogy
All this pedagogy is based on Montessori’s idea that the mind of the boy and the girl during their first 6 years of life is like a sponge that absorbs all the stimuli it receives. Furthermore, infants have more sensitive periods in which they are more receptive to acquiring a particular skill. In these sensitive periods, the task must be repeated over and over again to achieve mastery of that skill both at home and at school.
Some of its basic principles are:
- All boys and girls are competent beings who should be encouraged to enhance their abilities.
- The child must be carefully observed in his environment to adapt the teachings to his development.
- The teacher or parent should be a mere observer and guide, but intervening as little as possible. You have to let the little one think and act for himself.
- It is not necessary to introduce the knowledge in their head, but let them perceive it and want to learn it. Various materials and learning should be provided so that they learn according to their interests and curiosities.
Other keys to Montessori pedagogy
- The environment is essential, so the classes and rooms must be spacious, bright, spacious and with many materials at the child’s level so that he can use them.
- Sensitive periods must be taken into account so that, in them, there is a single stimulation and motivation. Sensitive periods should be taken into account for language development, sensory experimentation, social interaction, etc.
- Teaching materials must be self-correcting, and the child must recognize the error by himself.
- The ultimate goal of this pedagogy is autonomy and self-development in all aspects. It seeks to train a critical thinker, with moral values, and respect for others, who knows how to interact socially, with emotional stability and self-confidence.
Montessori activities to do at home
- See a plant grow. There is no better way to understand how a plant grows and feeds itself than to plant some seeds (of lentils or beans, for example) in a glass with cotton to see how the root grows from the seed and grows bigger and bigger. , going out and appearing the stem, the leaves, the flowers, etc. In this way, they understand that they need water and sunlight to live.
- Learn the parts of the body. Draw a silhouette of a human body on a piece of paper or cardboard and then look with your child for not very large flat stones on which you can paint the main organs such as the heart, lungs, liver, stomach, kidneys… and then go placing inside the silhouette where it corresponds.
- Sensory box. Fill a box with different elements with different textures, sounds or colours. For example, sponges, cotton, different types of cloth, and different types of paper (patent leather, Pinocchio, tissue paper, cardboard, sandpaper, plastic or wood) so that infants can use them, touch them, notice their differences and explain if it is more or less smooth, rough, rough or heavy.