Find Meaning Of Acyl Group?
What Is Meaning Of Acyl Group?
Meaning Of Acyl Group In English,
The meaning of the term acyl group is that it is an affiliation acquired by the ejection of one or more hydroxyl groups from an oxoacid, inclusive of inorganic acids. The acyl group contains a double-bonded oxygen atom and an alkyl group (R-C=O).
In organic chemistry, the acyl group is generally derived from a carboxylic acid. Acyl group has its IUPAC name “alkanoyl”. The general formula for acyl group compounds is RCO-, where R represents an alkyl group that is linked to the carbon atom of the group by a single bond.
The acyl groups can in principle also be derived from other types of acids such as sulfonic acid and phosphonic acid. In the most common attachment, acyl groups are attached to a larger molecular fragment, in which case the carbon and oxygen atoms are linked by a double bond.
The IUPAC names of acyl groups are acquired habitually from the analogous acid by substituting the acid ending –ic with the ending -yl. For example, formyl is called as formic acid, propionyl is called as propionic acid, acetyl as acetic acid, etc. Remember that, methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, etc. that finishes in –yl are not acyl but alkyl groups derived from alkanes.
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